Sunday, August 11, 2013
Notable details of his story, as portrayed in the series, include: Compton telling Henry that Charles Brandon had married Henry's sister, Margaret, Compton carrying a large tree as a joke during a tournament, Compton pursuing a homosexual relationship with composer and musician, Thomas Tallis, his "common-law" marriage to Lady Anne Hastings, and his death during an outbreak of the sweating sickness plague.
So, is any of this true?
Did William Compton tell Henry VIII that Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, married his sister?
In the series, Brandon returns to England having married Margaret somewhere on the way home from Portugal after she smothered her husband, the elderly king. He sets up a meeting in a tavern with Compton, explaining to him what happened and asking him to intervene on his behalf. In the series, it is Compton who, at court, tells Henry what happened.
No, in reality, he did not. In fact, Charles Brandon married Mary Tudor (the character is called Margaret in the series) while she was in France. Her husband, the elderly King of France, died months into their marriage, and Henry sent Charles to retrieve her. Mary, who had been in seclusion in a traditional form of French mourning, demanded that Charles marry her then and there, and he did. Immediately grasping the ramifications of his actions, he actually wrote to Cardinal Thomas Wolsey to ask for his intervention on their behalf. Henry heavily fined Brandon for marrying his sister without his consent, but he also allowed them to celebrate a large, public wedding in England.
Did Compton carry a tree as a joke during a jousting tournament?
During a jousting tournament, in which Compton and Henry both participate, Compton's squire hands him a large tree trunk to serve as a lance as a joke.
Notably, the man who carried the tree trunk was another courtier, Nicholas Carew.
Did Compton and Thomas Tallis engage in a homosexual relationship?
In the series, William Compton, impressed by his musical talents, pursues a homosexual relationship with Thomas Tallis.
None of that is true.
In the series, Thomas married a young woman named Joan who lost her twin sister to the sweating sickness. Although Thomas did marry a woman named Joan, the rest of that story is a fabrication. Thomas died in 1585 after a very long, successful musical career.
Was Compton in a "common-law" marriage with Anne Hastings?
Anne Hastings appears again after William Compton succumbs to the sweating sickness later in the season. The physician calls her in to tell her what happened, addressing her as Compton's common-law wife. She breaks down, approaching Compton's body much closer than is advisable, and later, dies of the plague herself. Henry VIII later receives Compton's affects, instructing that they be sent to Anne.
This story is a little more complicated.
William Compton, however, did have a long-term affair with Anne. In 1520, Compton was prosecuted by an ecclesiastical court for living openly in sin with a married woman (Anne Hastings). Upon his death, William bequeathed his wealth to Anne. Regardless, it has been asserted that Anne enjoyed a fairly good relationship with George Hastings, her husband. Her eight children were at least recognized by Hastings as his own. She did not die of the sweating sickness--she died long afterward in 1544.
Did William Compton die of the sweating sickness?
In the series, William Compton is found one morning in his bed clearly extremely ill. Within hours, he dies, regardless of the efforts made by the physician to save him. Tallis, who had been abroad in France, returns to find Compton's gravesite and smashes his lute on the marker.
Yes, William Compton did die of the sweating sickness, as did several of Henry's close friends at court, in 1528. According to the state papers, he had been allowed to sleep at a pivotal time during the infection, and this was supposed to have killed him. His will, dated 1523, left his wealth to Anne Hastings as he had no children and no wife, and some of his personal affects were sent to Henry VIII, probably as a token of friendship.
Although William Compton's story, as portrayed in The Tudors, is a good one, it incorporates some truth and a lot of fiction. I am unaware of any biographies of Compton, Tallis, or Anne Hastings, but Compton is regularly mentioned in any, and all, biographies of Henry VIII and descriptions of court life during Henry's reign. Tallis is known more generally for his music, but he was seemingly a shadowy figure in his own time, so it is unusual to see him mentioned anywhere. Anne's presumed affair with Henry is often mentioned in the same sources in which Compton appears, and, in addition, in biographies of Katherine of Aragon.
Tuesday, August 6, 2013
Author: Maria Perry
Publication Date: 1998
Number of Pages: 224
Cost: This book doesn't seem to have been very popular, but I picked this up at a used bookstore in hardcover form for $5.00. I suspect you can find used copies if you look online. There isn't a Kindle edition available.
Where did I hear about it: I more or less just found this book. I hadn't heard anything about it before I purchased it, and I haven't seen it referenced since.
Increasingly over the last decade, Henry VIII's two sisters (the two who lived to adulthood) have garnered an increasing amount of attention. In the television series, The Tudors, Margaret Tudor was played by Gabrielle Anwar. The details of her story are some of the most memorable in the series.
Is any of this true? Well, maybe some of it.
In reality, Henry VIII had two sisters: Margaret Tudor (1489-1541) and Mary Tudor (1496-1533). The details portrayed in The Tudors are primarily from Mary's life, although Mary married the aging King of France, not the King of Portugal, and fully intended to remain in France as Queen for as long as he lived (from October 9, 1514 to January 1, 1515).
What about the book?
I'm not sure I read this book. I think I "waded through it."
Honestly, there is a really good reason why this book isn't particularly widely known--it isn't very good. The book is primarily comprised of well-known stories about these women interspersed between lengthy descriptions of events in Henry VIII's life. The reader doesn't get a good sense of either Margaret or Mary, although it can be argued that Margaret is a bit better covered and described. The author doesn't seem to know the difference between research worth including in a book like this and research that doesn't add anything to the theme of the book.
On the bright side, Margaret's life is fairly well described, even if many details are left unrecorded. Her life in Scotland, her problems with her second and third marriages, Scottish politics, and Margaret's general movements while Queen of Scotland are described as is her correspondence with Henry VIII. The only part of Mary's life that is covered as well is her marriage to Louis XII and her subsequent marriage to Charles Brandon. Margaret's character does come out in the narrative, but Mary's character is not very well described, regardless of the abundance of information about her available. Margaret's marriages and their results are also covered fairly well, but Mary's marriage to Brandon is almost completely absent from the work.
There are a lot of negatives to this book. First, the author has a very difficult time sticking to the topic at hand. Probably as much as 40% of the book is really about Henry VIII and the political events of the day without any attempt to fix Margaret or Mary into these events. I found myself skipping through parts that didn't seem to have any relevance to the topic. I think that, for a careful researcher, there is plenty of information out there on both Margaret and Mary, and it wouldn't be a stretch to write a 200 page book just about them and nothing else. In addition, Perry includes details that quickly grow tiresome to the reader--for example, she meticulously covers what anyone, at any time, was wearing at any state event. If you digitized this text and entered "cloth of gold" into a text search, it would come up more times than any other phrase. There may be a few people out there who are really interested in what everyone was wearing, but, most readers are more interested in who the subjects are rather than what was on them. And, there are many biographies of Henry VIII--there was no need to include so much information about him unless the subjects of the book were directly related to the events in question.
The epilogue is unforgivably short. The author expected to sum up Margaret's and Mary's story in a mere two pages. What happened to their families is particularly significant, but the mention is brief, if it isn't completely absent. Margaret's descendants eventually assumed the English throne after Henry VIII's daughter, Elizabeth, died childless in 1603. Mary's granddaughter, Jane Grey, was thrust into the national spotlight after Edward VI's death when someone--or someones--attempted to disinherit Mary, Henry VIII's Catholic eldest daughter. Jane was a very temporary Queen of England, if she could actually be called that, and was executed. If anything, the epilogue discussing the significance of these women and their families should have been somewhat extensive.
Rating: A 4 for the few parts of the book that actually covered the topic.
Buy it or Borrow it: Don't do either. I'm not aware of a biography of Margaret Tudor, but there is a new biography about Mary Tudor entitled: The Tudor Rose: Princess Mary, Henry VIII's Sister by Jennifer Draskau due out on September 1 that may be worthwhile.